Nepal is a landlocked country roughly the size of Arkansas, lying between India
and the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China, Nepal contains Mount Everest
(29,035 ft; 8,850 m), the tallest mountain in the world. Along its southern
border, Nepal has a strip of level land that is partly forested, partly
cultivated. North of that is the slope of the main section of the Himalayan
range, including Everest and many other peaks higher than 8,000 m.
Asia, between China and India
Geographic coordinates: 28
00 N, 84 00 E
Map references: Asia
Total: 140,800 sq
Water: 4,000 sq
Land: 136,800 sq km
Slightly larger than Arkansas
Border countries: China
1,236 km, India 1,690 km
0 km (landlocked)
Varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and
mild winters in south.
Terai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south,
central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north.
Kanchan Kalan 60 m.
Mount Everest 8,850 m (1999)
Quartz, Water, Timber, Hydropower, Scenic beauty, Small deposits of lignite,
Copper, Cobalt, Iron ore.
11,350 sq km (1998 est.)
Severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought, and famine depending on
the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons.
Environment - Current Issues:
Deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives); Contaminated
water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial
effluents); Wildlife conservation; Vehicular emissions.
Environment - International
Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species,
Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83,
Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Marine Life
Geography - Note:
Landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of
world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest - the world's tallest